Foundation of modular houses
A modular home, also known as a prefab home, is a type of house that is mostly constructed in a factory before being shipped to its final location, where the final assembly takes place.
The foundation for a modular home can be done similarly to a traditional stick-built home.
Here are the steps you may follow:
1. Site Preparation:
Before you can lay a foundation, the construction site needs to be leveled and prepared. This may involve removing trees, rocks, and other obstacles. The top layer of soil (known as the topsoil) may need to be removed because it’s prone to shifting and doesn’t provide a stable surface for a foundation.
2. Choose the Type of Foundation:
There are several types of foundations that can be used for a modular home, including slab, crawlspace, and basement foundations. The choice depends on various factors like local building codes, the slope of the land, the climate, and personal preference.
This is a type of foundation made by pouring concrete directly onto the ground. It’s the cheapest and simplest type of foundation but doesn’t provide any storage or utility space.
This foundation type lifts the house off the ground. It’s a good choice for damp climates or sloping lots.
This is the most expensive type of foundation but provides extra living and storage space.
3. Mark the Foundation:
Once the type of foundation is chosen, the next step is to mark the exact location where it will be built. This usually involves driving stakes into the ground and connecting them with string.
4. Excavate the Area:
After marking the foundation, the next step is to excavate the area. This involves removing soil to the required depth. The depth and size of the excavation will depend on the type of foundation you’re building.
5. Pour the Footing:
The footing is the part of the foundation that spreads out the load of the house to the soil. It’s usually made from concrete and is poured into a trench that’s been dug around the perimeter of the foundation. The footing should be allowed to dry and harden before proceeding.
6. Build the Foundation Walls:
After the footing is dry, the foundation walls can be built. This may involve using concrete blocks or poured concrete. The walls should be built to the specified height and then allowed to dry.
7. Seal and Insulate the Foundation:
After the foundation walls are dry, they should be sealed to prevent moisture from seeping in. The foundation should also be insulated to prevent heat loss.
8. Install the Drainage System:
It’s important to install a drainage system around the foundation to prevent water from accumulating. This usually involves laying a perforated pipe around the perimeter of the foundation and covering it with gravel.
9. Backfill and Compact the Soil:
After the foundation is complete, the area around it should be backfilled with soil. The soil should be compacted to prevent it from settling and causing the foundation to shift.
10. Prepare for the House:
The last step in preparing the foundation for a modular home is to install the anchors or tie-downs that will secure the house to the foundation. The type and number of anchors will depend on the design of the house and local building codes.
Remember, every construction project is unique, and the process can vary depending on various factors. It’s always recommended to hire a professional contractor or engineer to ensure that the foundation is built correctly and meets all local building codes and regulations.